NECO Biology Practical Specimen, Questions And Answers 2023/2024 | Complete Specimen And Solutions

NECO Biology Practical Questions and Answers. This article contains all the 2023 NECO biology specimens, questions and answers. Make sure that you don’t joke with any information in this particular post.

Are you a candidate of the 2023 NECO examination and you are going to write biology during the examination? I bring you this good news.

It is my pleasure to announce to you that the 2023 NECO biology practical specimens, questions and answers are out. If you are reading this article, it means that you are one of those lucky candidates who are going to see the solutions even before getting to the examination hall.

A lot of questions have been trending about how get the biology practical questions and answers. That is the reason why I have decided to release this EXPO here.

You should know that for every examination, practical carries the major mark. This means that if fail practical, you have impliedly failed the examination totally.

Therefore, if you would like to score an ‘A’ in the forthcoming NECO biology examination, you endeavor to study everything that I am going to reveal in this article.

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Complete List of NECO Biology Specimen

The 2023 NECO biology specimens have been by the examination council. They include the following:

Specimen A: Cervical Vertebrae

Specimen B: Lumber Vertebrae

Specimen C: Rib bone

Specimen D: Guava fruit

Specimen E: Combretum

Specimen F: Pride of Barbados fruit

Specimen G: Bean Seed

Specimen H: Fried groundnut seed

Specimen I: Moss plant

Specimen J: 5-7 day old bean seedling

Specimen K: 5-7 day old maize seedling

Specimen L: Mushroom

Specimen N: Earthworm

Specimen O: Tilapia

Specimen P: Soldier Termite

Specimen Q: Agama Lizard

Specimen R: Snail

Biology Specimen and Answers (Study Guide)

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2023 NECO Biology Specimen (Newly Released)

These are the newly released 2023 biology specimen. Every school is expected to get them and teach their biology students who will be writing the examination.

Specimen A: Microscope

Specimen B: A Ripe Mango Fruit

Specimen C: Transverse Section of Tomato Fruit

Specimen D: Groundnut Seed (Fried/Dried)

Specimen E: Maize Grain

Specimen F: Carrot

Specimen G: Irish Potatoes (RAW)

Specimen H: Water Lily

Specimen I: Prawn

Specimen J: Tilapia Fish

Specimen K: Tadpole (8-9 weeks old)

Specimen L: Spider

See also: NECO Biology Questions and Answers for 2023 | Essay and Objectives

NECO Biology Practical Questions and Answers 2023/2023


1. Eye piece lens

2. Objective lens

3. Stage


Specimen A is used to study small organisms and cells in the laboratory



Specimen B is dispersed by animals


1. It is edible.

2. it is brightly colored


In a tabular form:

Specimen B:

1. One seeded

2. Hard and woody endocarp

Specimen C.

1. Many seeded.

2. Fleshy endocarp


In a tabular form:


Observation: Spot becomes translucent.

Conclusion: Oil is present.


Fats and oil is present in specimen D.


1. Specimen E is a source of food for man.


Specimen F – Carrot

Specimen G – Irish Potato

Specimen H – Water lily

Specimen I – Prawn


Vitamin A in specimen F helps to maintain healthy eyes, teeth, skeletal and soft tissue, mucus membranes and skin.


It has a swollen root


In a tabular form:


Observation: G turns blue black in colour.

Conclusion: Starch is present.


1. Presence of long petiole which supports the broad lamina on the surface of the water.

2. The upper surface of the leaf is waxy which prevents the clogging of the stomata.

3. Presence of well-developed and numerous adventitious roots which anchors the plant firmly

4. Flowers are raised above water surface by long stalks for purpose of pollination.


Specimen I belongs to the class of Crustacea.


1. It has two body regions.

2. It has a pair of antennae.


In a tabular form:

External feature:

1. Pair of antennae

2. Pair of legs

3. Stalked compound eyes.


1. For feeling

2. For walking

3. For sight


(i) It serves as food for man

(ii) It serves a source of income


J-Tilapia fish




1. Possession of laterally flattened and streamlined body for easy movement in water.

2. Possession of pectoral and pelvic fins for slow movement, balancing and steering.


1. Prosoma

2. Opisthosoma (or abdomen)


Specimen L belongs to the class Arachnida.


1. It has eight walking legs

2. It has eight simple eyes.

Expected NECO Biology Practical Questions

The questions below are for practice, not the 2023 Biology Practical questions.

1. (a) (i) Phylum of specimens C/Butterfly and E/Grasshopper: Arthropoda

(ii) Reasons for the answer in 1 (a)(i): (I) Metameric segmentation/segmented bodies: (II) Jointed appendages; (III) presence of chitinous exoskeleton/exoskeleton made of chitin; (IV) Bilateral symmetry.

(b) differences between


Wings presentWings are absent
Proboscis presentMandibles are present
Proleg absentMandibles are present
Legs are longerLegs are shorter
Claspers are absentClaspers are present
Has one pair of compound eyesHas simple eyes
Has antennaeAbsence of antennae
Osmeterium absentOsmeterium present


Presence of proboscisPresence of mandibles
Clubbed/rounded/knobbed antennaeNot clubbed/rounded/knobbed antennae/tapering antennae;
Wing is membreneous/softHarder/less membraneous wings/forewings are leathery
Surface of wing is powdery/have scales/eye spotsSurface of wing is not powdery/absence of scales/eye spots;
Hind limbs/legs smaller/shorter/less muscularHind limbs/legs/larger and elongated/more muscular
Abdomen is hairyAbdomen is not hairy/smooth

(c) Relationship between specimens C/Butterfly and D/Caterpillar:

(i) C/butterfly is the adult/image of D/Caterpillar

(ii) D/Caterpillar is the larva/larva stage of C/Butterfly

(d) (i) Habitat of specimen D/Caterpillar: Garden/Citrus leaves/vegetables/leaves/fruits/green plant has three pairs of true legs with claws for locomotion. (III) it has claspers; for attachment to vegetation/twid; (IV) presence of four pairs of prologs/false legs: for climbing; (V) its coloured pattern; enables it to blend with its environment/camouflages/escape predators; (VI) it has spiracles; for gaseous exchange, (VII) it has simple eyes for vision (VIII) has osmeterium; as defense mechanism/which emits foul smell to scare away predators.

(e) Diagram/drawing of dorsal view of specimen C/Butterfly

2(a)observable features of biological importance in

Specimen F/Carrot: (i) Main root/tap root/swollen/root tuber; (ii) Presence of lateral roots; (iii) Presence of short stem (green) ; (iv) Presence of foliage leaves; (v) Part of main root tapering

Specimen G/Irish potato: (i) Swollen stem/stem tuber; (ii) Bud(s)/ eye; (iii) Lenticels; (iv) scale leaf; (v) adventitious roots(s)

(b) (i) Classification of (I) Specimen F/Carrot: Root tuber; (II) Specimen G/Irish Potato: Stem tuber. Stem (above the swollen tap root). Specimen G/Irish Potato: Swollen, Stem/tuber; presence of bud(s)/eye; presence of scale leaves/leaf; presence of lentice(s).

(c) Class of specimen H and J: insect

(d) (i) Observable differences between specimen H and J.

H/Adult mosquitoJ/Adult cockroach
Smaller in sizeBig/large in size
A pair of wingsTwo pairs of wings;
Absence of hard hind wingPresence of hard hind wing/elytra;
Shorter antennaeLonger antennae
Absence of maxillary palp/maxillaPresence of maxillary palp/maxilla
Thin legsThick/large legs;
Absence of spines on legsPresence of spine on legs.

(ii) Similarities between specimens H/adult mosquito and J/adult cockroach:

(i) Presence of a pair of compound eyes
(II) Body is divided into three divisions/head, thorax and abdomen
(iii) three pairs of/six(walking) legs
(IV) presence of jointed appendages
(V) presence of a pair of membraneous wings
(VI) Presence of a pair of antenna
(VII) Both have exoskeleton made of chitin
(VIII) Segmented Body.

(i) Feeding Habit of Specimen H/adult mosquito: Piercing and sucking. Specimen J/adult cockroach: Biting and chewing

(ii) Observing features used for feeding in specimen J/adult cockroach: Mandible; maxillae; labrum

4.  (a) (i) Phylum of Specimen R/Earthworm: Annelida

            (ii) Reasons for the classification of Specimen R/Earthworm:

(I) Presence of metameric segmentation/segments are separated from each other (by septa
(II) They are bilaterally symmetrical
(II) Segments are separated from each other
(IV) Presence of chaetae
(V) Body is covered by thin collagen cuticle
(VI) body is long and cylindrical.

(iii) Habitat of Specimen R/Earthworm:

(I) Under decaying leaves
(II) Wet/moist soil
(III) In open savanna/savannah beneath tall grasses
(IV) In the forests in decaying tree-stumps.

(b) (i) Features of adaption of Specimen R/Earthworm:

(I) Bristle like Caetae/seatea; for locomotion
(II) Mosit skin; for gaseous exchange
(III) Pointed anterior; for burrowing into the soil
(IV) Slimy body; reduces friction during movements
(V) Citellum; for attachment during exchange of sperms/reproduction/secretes cocoon (in which it eggs are deposited).

(ii) Economic importance of Specimen R/Earthworm:
(I) it aerates the soil
(II) it enriches/improves soil fertility
(III) its secretions neutralize the acid soil
(IV) Used as bait for fishing
(V) As food for some birds.

(c) Diagram/Drawing of the dorsal view of Specimen R/Earthworm

(d) Type of fruit: Specimen S/unripe mango fruit – Drupe, Specimen T/tomato fruit – Berry.

(e) (i) Observable differences between Specimens S and T

Specimen C/Unripe Mango FruitSpecimen T/tomato Fruit
Green in colourRed/Yellow in colour
One seededMany seeded
Stony/hard endocarpFleshy/Succulent/Soft endocarp
Fibrous mesocarpSucculent mesocarp
Seed largeSeed(s) small;
Basal placentationAxile placentation
Mesocarp and endocarp are fusedMesocarp had endocarp are not fused

(ii) Similarities between specimens S and T:

(I) Both have seeds

(II) both are fruits

(III) Both have three layers/epicarp/mesocarp/endocarp/pericarp/fruit wall

(IV) Coloured epicarp/pericarp

(V) Both have placenta

(VI) Both have thin epicarp

(VII) both have fleshy mesocarp.

If you have any questions about the NECO Biology Practical, kindly let us know in the comment box.

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