If you are still search for the complete WAEC Government Questions and Answers 2023 | Essay and Objective, make sure that you not skip this article. It is my pleasure to bring to you everything that you have been looking for as regards the examination.
Information contained in this article is specially prepare to help all candidates who will writing Government in the forthcoming 2023 May/June WAEC Examination. To those who belong to this categories of persons, ensure that you read this article carefully to the end.
Based on the Newly Updated 2023 May/June WAEC Timetable, it shows that the Government examination shall be coming up few moment from the time of release of publication. Emonprime Team have worked so hard to ensure that all candidate of this examination achieve maximum excellence when the 2023 WAEC Result is released.
For this reason, we have decided source and compile all the likely theory and objective questions of the 2023 WAEC Government examination. Continue to read this article to the end if you would like to be a beneficiary of this kind gesture.
WAEC Government Questions And Answers 2023
WAEC Government Examination is usually made up of two major parts; they are, the Objective part (part 1) and the Essay part (Part 2). The question are as give below:
Part One: Objective
1. Case-laws are made by the _______
A. Judiciary B. President C. Executive D. Legislature
2.The two leaders that played prominent roles in the formation of ECOWAS were ______
A. Acheampong and Jawara
B. Gowon and Eyadema
C. Kerkoru and Tubman
D. Kounche and Senghor
3. The political party with the widest spread of membership in Nigeria during the second republic was the _____
A. GNPP B. UPN C. NPP D. NPN
4. The Aro system in Igboland was ______
A. a political organization
B. a commercial organization~
C. a religious organization
D. an imperial organization
5. Which of the following had a centralized administration in the per-colonial Nigeria?
A. The Igbos B. The Tivs C. The Ibibios D. The Yoruba’s
6. Which of the following organ control the civil service?
A. Parliaments and the court
B. Trade unions and the court
C. The police and parliaments
D. Tribunals and interest group.
7. The expenditure of the public fund by executives in Nigeria is controlled by the ______
A. Legislature B. Judiciary C. President D. Ministry of finance
8. In the Igbo political system, authority was shared among
A. Men and women with Ozo titles
B. All age groups and warrant chiefs
C. Elders of the community and ofo title holders
D. Title holders and age groups
9. A popular principle of colonial administration in British West Africa was _______
A. Association B. Indirect rule C. Assimilation D. Westernization
10. The crucial check on an autocratic Oba in Yoruba political system was _______
A. Presenting to him a suicide symbol
B. Avoiding the palace
C. Sending him on exile
D. Refusing to carry out his orders
11. According to Aristotle, a form of government in which the few rule for the benefit of all is ________
A. Diarchy B. Aristocracy C. Autocracy D. Polyarchy
12. Which of the following bodies is the most representative organ of the United Nations?
A. The security council
B. The trusteeship council
C. The General Assembly
D. The Economic and Social Council.
13. The pre-colonial Tiv society can be best described as ______
A. Republican B. Aristocratic C. Feudalistic D. Monarchical.
14. The major function of the civil service is ______
A. Keeping records of the activities of government
B. Keeping records of the activities of government
C. Promoting the interest of civil servants
D. Advising government and implementing its policies.
15. Which of the following is a feature of democracy?
A. Power vested in minority party
B. Popular consolation
C. Interdependence of stats
D. States responsibility to society.
16. When Nigeria achieved independence in 1960 the head of state as the ______
A. Governor-General B. Prime Minister C. Queen of England D. President
17. The first restructuring of the Nigerian federation took place with the _____
A. Military counter-coup of 1966
B. Creation of states in 1917
C. Abolition federalism in 1966
D. The creation of mid west region in 1963.
18. In parliamentary system, the term shadow cabinet is often used to refer to the ______
A. hack-benchers in the house
B. deputy prime ministers and assistant ministers
C. rebellious members of the ruling party
D. portfolio designates before the party in opposition.
19. Acculturation in colonial administration was associated with the ____
A. French policy of assimilation
B. British policy of direct rule
C. French policy of association
D. British indirect rule system.
20. An example of promotional pressure groups is ______
A. Supreme council of Islamic affairs
B. Nigerian medical association
C. Civil liberties organization
D. Manufacturers association of Nigeria.
21. The breakdown of the Macpherson constitution was partly caused by the crisis within the____
A. NCNC B. AG C. NPC D. NNDP
22. Nigeria is the major shareholder in the _______
A. OPEC fund for development
B. World Bank
C. International monetary fund
D. Trade union.
23. The official report of processing in parliament is known as ______
A. hansard B. diary of events C. gazette D. summary of pressing
24. The 1946 constitution was remarkable because it
A. created a ministerial position in Nigeria
B. introduce regional governments in Nigeria
C. introduced for the first time elective principle
D. brought about self-government for Nigeria.
25. The British government revoke the charter of the Royal Niger company and took over the administration of Nigeria in _____
A. 1861 B. 1885 C. 1900 D. 1914
26. In Nigeria the local government service commission is set up by the
A. Local government chairman
B. Federal government
C. Local government council
D. State government.
27. The head of common wealth of nation is _____
A. Chairman of the conference of the common wealth heads of government
B. Queen of great Britain
C. Prime minister of great Britain
D. Secretary-general of the common wealth.
28. Southern Nigeria was divided into Eastern and Western provinces for administrative purpose in _____
A. 1935 B. 1937 C. 1939 D. 1941
29. The OAU was founded on the principles of ______
A. Settlement of international disputes by armed struggle
B. Justifiable interference in the domestic affairs of member states
C. Sovereign equality of member states
D. Equal contribution by member states
30. A major feature which differentiated the 1963 and 1979 constitution was that in the former___
A. Ministers were appointed from the national assembly
B. Ministers were appointed from outside the national assembly
C. The prime minister was elected by the whole country
D. The national assembly comprised the Senates and the national assembly.
31. The structure of the civil service is based on
A. lateral organisation
B. merit system
C. patronage system
D. hierachical organization
32. A common feature of a multi-party system is that government is formed by
A. the major political party
B. all the registered political parties
C. a coalition of political parties
D. the party with the highest votes.
33. To qualify for absorption into the administration cadre of the civil service in Nigeria, an applicant must be
A. knowledgable in civil services rule
B. a holder of a first university degree
C. specifically trained in public administration
D. a senior civil serv.ant
34. The final interpretation pf the provisions of a federal constitution is vested in the
A. head of state
B. council of state
C. highest legislative body
D. highest court of the land.
35. A major issue that distinguishes pressure groups from political parties is
A. Membership drive
B. The objective
C. The voting pattern
36. Proportional representation is a system of allocating seats in the legislature based on
A. gender participation in polities
B. an area
C. contribution to the national economy
D. total votes in an election.
37. The application of the principle of separation of powers seems impracticable because powers is
38. When did Nigeria gain her Independence?
A. 1st October, 1963
B. 31st October, 1690
C. 1st October, 2012
D. 1st October, 1960
E. 12th October, 1992
39. The central legislature of Nigeria became bicameral in
40. Which of these constitutions recognized local government as a third tier of government in Nigeria?
A. 1946 Constitution.
B. 1960 Constitution.
C. 1963 Constitution.
D. 1979 Constitution.
41. Under the 1963 constitution, items not listed in the exclusive and concurrent list were within the exclusive competence of the
B. federal parliament
C. regional legislatures
42. Before Nigeria became a republic, the highest body charged with the administrator of justice was the
A. Privy council
B. High court
C. Supreme court
D. Court of appeal
43. The equivalent of the commissioner at the local government level is the
A. Executive chairman
D. Supervisory councilor.
44. The Independent National Electoral Commission has the power to prepare and maintain the register of
A. Political parties
D. Electoral candidates.
45. The president of Nigeria is advised on the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the country by the
A. National Security Council
B. National Defense Council
C. Council of state
D. Federal Executive Council
46. The Nigerian Youth Movement collapsed as the result of
A. Its failure to win election
B. Shortage of funds to run its affairs
C. The harassment of its leadership by the government.
D. The breakup of its leadership.
47. The first restructuring of the Nigerian Federation took place with the
A. Creation of mid-west Region in 1963
B. Abolition of federalism in 1966
C. Military counter-coup in 1966
D. Creation of states in 1967.
More WAEC Government Objective question are still coming…
WAEC Government Essay Questions and Answers
Answer only Four questions in the section.
Write your answers in the answer booklet provided.
1. (a) What is Political Socialization?
Political socialization is the process of the acquisition and transmission of political knowledge and value by individuals from one generation to another.
(b) i. It involves the transmission of values and beliefs of the political culture from one generation to the next.
ii. Political Culture is maintained and changed through political socialization. The values, beliefs, and orientations towards political objects and actions are transmitted as well as changed by this process.
iii. Political Socialisation is a lifelong learning process but its pace and role keep on changing from time to time. The process goes on continuously throughout the life of the individual.
iv. Political Socialisation provides the necessary knowledge and incentive for an individual’s participation in politics. Politically socialized individuals come forward to accept different roles in the political system.
v. In nature, Political Socialisation is similar to, in fact, a part of the process of socialization that is always at work in every society.
2. (a) Explain the concept of political participation.
(b) Highlight any four methods of political participation.
3. Define Public Corporation.
(a) A public corporation may be defined as a business organization established, owned, managed, and financed with taxpayer’s money by the government of a country with the main motive of making a profit but rendering essential services to members of the public.
(b) i. Financial Control: The accounts of public corporations are audited from time to time by government Auditors and a copy of the Auditors’ report is submitted to the Minister which he presents to the parliament and this prevents financial mismanagement.
ii. Judicial Control: As a legal entity that can sue and be sued, a public corporation can be dragged to court if it fails to act within the limits set by the law that established it and its action declared ultra vires.
iii. Ministerial Control: Ministers that are answerable to the parliament are given extensive power over public corporations. These include powers to appoint and dismiss members of the Board of Directors, determination of remunerations, and conditions of service, approval of all loans and major expenditures, etc.
iv. Public Control: Members of the public who consume goods and services of public corporations exercise some form of control through criticisms they level against these corporations.
4. (a) Highlight any four major objectives of the foreign policy of anyone West African Country.
(b) Outline any four ways of preventing military intervention in politics.
5. Highlight five reasons for the slow rate of nationalism in French-speaking West Africa.
6. i. Shortage of funds: The involvement of this organization in large-scale operations affects its financial resources. This has created over time, a shortage of funds.
ii. Sovereignty of nation: The U.N.O cannot effectively enforce its decision because member states are not ready to surrender their sovereignty to the authority of the organization.
iii. The veto power: Each of the five permanent members of the security council has veto power. This could be used at times to satisfy their selfish interest at the expense of fulfilling the objectives of the organization.
iv. Poverty: The inability of the united nation to effectively address the issue of poverty among member states.
v. Difference in ideology: There are differences in ideology, culture, politics, and methods used in pursuing an economic goal. This may negate the evolution of lasting peace in the world.
7. (a) Highlight four features of the 1979 Republican Constitution.
(b) State two ways by which the President could be removed from office according to the Constitution.
8. (a) i. National party of Nigeria (NDN) – Alhaji Shehu Shagari
ii. The Unity Party of Nigeria (UPN) – Chief Obafemi Awolowo
iii. The Great Nigeria People’s Party (GNPP) – Waziri Ibrahim
(b) i. Since independence, political parties have shown that they are loyal to the electorate during campaigns and would serve their Interest of voting to power
ii. They usually organize membership to reach all corners of the country
iii. They have shown that their main objectives are to contest elections, win and grow the country by all means.
9. i. The constitution is not a product of any constitutional conference; It was hurriedly prepared by the outgoing military government of General Abdulsalam Abubakar. Thus, many Nigerians continue to criticize it and see it more as a military constitution than a civilian constitution.
ii. The constitution fails to define the roles of traditional rulers in government. And The recognition of the Sharia courts contravenes the description of the country as being SECULAR.
iii. The constitution is not clear on the functions and creation of the local governments; This makes local governments at the mercy of the other governments. Then, this issue of the creation of more local governments has been a major source of conflict between states and federal governments. A classical example was Lagos vs Federal Government during Obasanjo’s administration.
10. (a) i. The village was the highest unit of administration.
ii. Existence of village assembly (Oha-na-eze/Umunna).
iii. The village priest/ diviner wielded a great deal of religious and judicial powers.
WAEC Government Practice Questions
Below are the likely questions for the WAEC Government examination:
1. Power differs from influence in that it is
A. persuasive while influence is directive
B. coercive while influence is harmful
C. coercive while influence is persuasive
D. arrogant while influence is corruptive
2. The standing committee of a legislature is one
A. whose member stand while deliberating
B. that has statutory responsibilities
C. that perform adhoc functions
D. that has legislators as members.
3. Where the constitution is supreme, unconstitutional acts of the executive and the legislature can be checked by the courts through
B. judicial review
C. vote of no confidence
4. The central decision-making organ of a confederation is made up of
A. technocrats appointed by the units
B. politicians elected from the confederal constituencies
C. politicians nominated by the government of member states
D. representatives of pressure groups.
5. Which of the following is true of a parliamentary system of government?
A. clear separation of government organs.
B. strict operation of a bicameral legislature.
C. removal of government by impeachment.
D. adherence to majority rule.
6. A major feature of authoritarianism is that government is
7. The central point of capitalism, as expounded by Karl Marx, is that
A. capitalist profit is the surplus value obtained from workers labour
B. workers are inherently incapable of being owners of their labour
C. capitalists shall always increase worker earning capacity through wages
D. capitslists shall always readily consent to workers welfare demands.
8. A constitution that requires a plebiscite or a referendum to be amended is
9. An important function of a constitution is that it
A. provide a framework for the study of government
B. facilities cross-fertilization of ideas of governance
C. serves as the fountain head of authority for the exercise of power
D. promotes citizen participation in government and administration.
10. When a bill passed by the legislature is vetoed by the executive, the action underscores the principle
A. probity and accountability
B. separation of powers
C. collective responsibility
D. checks and balances.
11. In the legislative process, a bill is pass
A. motion accepted for debate
B. motion rejected after debate
C. proposal before the legislature
D. law pass by the legislature.
12. One of the advantages of a bicameral over a unicameral legislature is that it
A. is cheap to maintain
B. promotes social equality
C. takes less time for the bills to be passed
D. prevents the passage of ill-considered bills.
13. The fundamental rights of citizens include rights to
A. free education, employment and freedom of thought
B. life, speech and association
C. life, liberty and property
D. association, property and social security.
14. The manipulation of boundaries of constituencies in order to win more seats is called
15. One argument against a multi-party system is the
A. encouragement of opposition and instability
B. banning of interest groups
C. inability to attract foreign assistance
D. high cost of conducting elections.
16. Associational interest groups are organized to
A. Further the interest of members
B. Specifically lobby the government
C. Support the government
D. Achieve goals affecting other associations.
17. Public opinion is a view that is
A. held by the majority
B. active in the public realm
C. widely publicized
D. no longer a secret.
18. The political neutrality of civil servants implies that they
A. are not allowed to join any organisation or group
B. have no dealings with politicians
C. are not allowed to be involved in partisan politics
D. are not allowed to vote.
19. The idea of making the civil service permanent, neutral and anonymous is to
A. Enhance efficiency in administration
B. Ensure loyalty and support
C. Prevent opposition to government
D. Make civil servants a functional elite.
20. The western zone of the Sokoto caliphate was administered from
21. Some pre-colonial Nigerian societies are described as stateless because
A. they had no formal governmental institutions
B. they had no definite political boundaries
C. their population was too small
D. they were not independent.
22. The method used by the British to facilitate the administration of Southern Nigeria was
C. Divide and rule
D. Trade association.
23. A major function of the warrant chiefs was to
A. prevent tribal wars
B. supervise native courts and markets
C. stop ritual killings
D. take charge of local administration.
24. After 1945, the demand of African nationalists changed from reform to independence because
A. colonial rule became less oppressive
B. colonial rule was in disarray
C. the second world war boosted their morale
D. the second world war enhanced colonial rule.
25. When Nigeria achieved independence in 1960, the head of state was the
B. prime minister
D. Queen of England.
26. Delegated legislature becomes unavoidable when
A. legislators cannot reach a consensus
B. issues under consideration are personal
C. issues under consideration are technical
D. legislators have to proceed on a recess.
27. One major disadvantage of public opinion is that
A. the critics of government policies are always harassed
B. a vocal minority claims to represent the majority
C. gossip and rumours thrive
D. leaders are unnecessarily criticized.
28. Citizenship in a modern state expresses the status of a person who possesses
A. full political rights
B. some religious rights
C. social right only
D. exclusive economic rights.
29. Communism is a system which recognizes
A. class stratification
B. the existence of the state
C. the existence of the individual
D. the ability of the individual.
WAEC Government Essay Questions
- Outline three merits and three demerits of Separation of Powers.
- Explain six functions performed by political parties in your country.
- Describe six factors that can determine the effectiveness of pressure groups
- Explain six duties expected to be performed by a citizen of a state.
- (a) What is a state?
(b) Outline five reasons why individuals must belong to a state.
6. How did the people of British West African territories govern themselves before the
advent of colonial rule.
7. What are the main criticisms levelled against the 1946 Richards Constitution of Nigeria.
8. Outline six benefits Nigeria derives from her membership of the United Nations
Tips On How To Pass WAEC Government Examination
If you really want to Pass WAEC Government Examination at one Sitting, I want to let you know that there are things that you must do to score very high in the examination. Those are what I have tag as “Tips on How To Pass WAEC Government Examination”. They including the following:
- Read according to the WAEC Government Syllabus
- Study past Questions Regularly
- Learn How to Manage time well
- Consult more than one Textbooks
Once you can put the above strategies into practice, your passing the examination is assured.
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