JAMB Literature Questions and Answers 2023 is all that you need to have access to if you really want to get 100% score in the forthcoming Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination.
This article is all about revealing to all the lucky candidates of the JAMB 2023, the expected questions and answers for literature. In case you are a candidate of this examination and you have been searching for it, I just want to let you know that you one of the luckiest ones for coming in contact with this article.
The JAMB literature is one of subject combinations of the arts students. It questions follows a special pattern that is different from other subjects in that it consists of Novels and other Lexis.
It is important that you follow this article carefully to get all the get questions so as to score above 300 in the 2023 JAMB Examination. Continue reading this article to the end for more detail.
JAMB Literature Questions 2023
The following are the like questions for 2023 JAMB Literature examination:
1. One of the following writers is better known as a playwright than as a novelist
A. C. Achebe
B. C. Ekwensi
C. W. Soyinka
D. J.P Clark
E. E.G. Okara.
2. The plot of a novel is best described as
A. the bare outline of the story arranged in logical order
B. the story in all its details
C. the story grossly elaborated
D. a summary of the story
E. the beginning, middle, and end of the story.3
3. A narrative poem must
A. preach a sermon
B. tell a story
C. describe natural scenery
D. argue a question
E. propound a philosophy
4. Literature is studied as a subject at school because
A. it exposes students to the realities of life
B. it provides entertainment
C. it merely gives additional work to students
D. it teaches the use of words
E. it provides a means to kill time5
5. In The Flight to Australia’, the following line occurs: ‘Tier upon tier it towered, the terrible Apennines’. The figure of speech used in this line is known as
From the novel; Kossoh Town Boy
6. If we describe Kossoh Town Boy as an autobiography, we mean that it is
A. a historical novel
B. a piece of writing telling us about the Life of its author
C. a short story
D. a narrative tale
You cannot know
And should not bother
Tide and market come and go
And so shall your mother
In this verse the poet uses
A. alternate rhymes
8. The Comstocks belonged to the most dismal of all classes, the middle-middle class, the landless gentry. In their miserable poverty, they had not even the snobbish consolation of regarding themselves as an “old” family fallen on evil days. The writer’s tone is _______
C. bitterly humourous
Another shoal of cars swam past.
One, in particular, caught his eyes, a long slender thing,
elegant as a swallow, all gleaming blue and silver;
a thousand guineas it would have cos, he thought.
In the first sentence, cars are described in terms of
10. Pick out the odd item
A. a Raisin in the Sun
B. Twelfth Night
D. The Concubine
11. An image in poetry usually gives a clue to one of the following
12. That year the harvest was sad, like a funeral, and many farmers wept as they dug up the miserable yams. One man tied his cloth to a tree branch and hanged himself. The mood conveyed here is one of _____
13. One of the following terms applies to the discussion of both tragedy and comedy
B. happy ending
C. tragic hero
14. A character that is always against the interest of the protagonist is
15. The idea of metre as used in a literary piece is
16. An hero whose weakness contributes to his downfall is called?
C. Tragic hero
D. Tragic flow
17. A travelogue is
A. a record of the writer’s experience during a journey
B. the account of the experiences of an individual during his lifeline
C. the account of the travails of a character in a novel
D. a variant of a novel written in a free style on a writer’s journey
18. A Literary work that ridicules the shortcomings of people or ideas is ……
A. a satire
B. a masque
C. a fable
D. an irony
19. The exclusive right given to authors to protect their works from unlawful production is
A. a constitutional provision
B. a copyright
C. an authority to write
D. an author’s right
20. Empathy is achieved when the audience
A. feels betrayed by the director
B. vicariously participates in the stage experience
C. attacks the character foil
D. denounces and humiliates the protagonist
21. Mock-heroic poetry elevates
A. the important tales of heroes of the past era
B. trivial subject-matter by using the style of the classical epic
C. the stripping off of appearances in a witty manner
D. the beauty in human relationships as exemplified in Homer
22. …… is also called a dynamic character
B. Round character
C. Flat character
23. The subject matter of a literary work is the
24. A dramatic type directed against an individual or a private institute with the intent to severely ridicule is called
25. The summary of a literary work is also referred to as
A. Subject matter
“A time to sow,
A time to reap,
A time to born,
A time to die”
This exemplies the use of …
‘I am jealous and passonate
Like Jehovah, God of the Jews.’
J.P Clark: Olokun
A device used in the second line of the excerpt above is
28. Dramatis personae in a play refers to
A. cast list
B. list of characters
C. protagonist and antagonist
D. order of appearance
29. An irredeemable reversal of the hero’s fortune in a tragedy is called.
30. “I hate brave cowards like you” is an example of
31. Purgation of emotion, pity and fear is
32. The narrator in a prose work who is also a character is
A. omniscient narrator
B. participatory narrator
C. objective narrator
D. subjective narrator
33. “Rays of sun”, the line is an example of
‘To see a world in a grain of sand
And a heaven in a wild flower
Hold infinity in the palm of your hand
And eternity in an hour’
– William Blake
To see a World In a Grain of Sand.
The predominant figure of speech used in the lines above is
35. “I had not taken the first step in knowledge, I had not learnt to let go with the hands”.The above lines is an example of a
36. Chanson is term denoting a
A. popular Korean verse
B. Song from the middle Ages
C. Form of love song
D. poem of Varied Metrical forms
‘The fair breeze blew
The white foam flew
The furrow followed free
We were the first that ever burst
Into that silent sea.’
The dominant figure of speech in the above passage is
D. rhyme scheme
38. Which of these is the oldest genre of literature?
39. A device used by a writer to recall past event in a literary work is
The hunter dies
and leaves his poverty to his gun
The blacksmith dies
and leaves his poverty to his anvil…
The extract above is an example of
41. A device used by a writer to recall past event in a literary work is
42. A literary work in which the characters and events are used as symbols is known as _________?
43. Characterisation in a novel refers to the _____?
A. writer’s opinion of the characters
B. way the characters are revealed to the reader
C. characters and the way they behave
D. reader’s opinion of the character3
44. In literacy work, verbal irony refers to a _________?
A. device in which the speaker means the opposite of what he says
B. situation in which a character speaks or acts against the tread of events
C. difficult situation which defies a local or rational resolution
D. device in which the actor act on stage
45. In the theatre, words spoken by a character that are meant to be heard by the audience but not by the other characters on stage is called_________?
46. Drama is the representation of a complete series of actions by means of _________
A. movement and gesture for the screen and audience
B. speech, movement and gesture for the stage only
C. speech, movement and gesture for the stage, screen and radio
D. speech, gesture and movement for the screen and radio
47. A poet‘s use of regular rhythm is known as _______?
48. A literacy genre which directly imitates human actions is______?
49. A fable is a story in which________?
A. allegations are made about characters
B. animal is or things are used as characters
C. there is an important setting
D. the story is told in poetic form
50. The juxtaposition of two contrasting ideas in a line of poetry is_________?
Answers to JAMB Literature Questions
In this section of the article, I will be making available all the correct answers to the JAMB literature questions that has been given in the previous section. They include the following:
1. Correct Answer: Option C
2. Correct Answer: Option D
3. Correct Answer: Option B
4. Correct Answer: Option A
5. Correct Answer: Option A
6. Correct Answer: Option B
7. Correct Answer: Option A
8. Correct Answer: Option D
9. Correct Answer: Option C
10. Correct Answer: Option D
11. Correct Answer: Option C
12. Correct Answer: Option B
13. Correct Answer: Option A
14. Correct Answer: Option C
Villain reflects an opposing character in literature (antagonist).
15. Correct Answer: Option B
Rhythm in poetry is marked by poetic metre.
16. Correct Answer: Option C
A tragic hero is one whose weakness contributes to his downfall.
17. Correct Answer: Option A
It is more or less a literary work about a journey.
18. Correct Answer: Option A
A satire ridicles people or ideas; points out their wrong in order for them to change for the better.
19. Correct Answer: Option B
A copyright prevents other people from producing an intellectual work without the permission of the author.
20. Correct Answer: Option B
Empathy occurs when the audience shares in the stage experience. The audience in the theatre follows performance and simultaneously understands the feelings of the dramatis personae.
21. Correct Answer: Option B
The mock-epic genre of poetry is one that uses the elevated and serious style of the epic to discuss trivial and unserious issues.
22. Correct Answer: Option B
The reason is that a dynamic character changes with the event and action.
23. Correct Answer: Option C
This is the major message in a literary work.
24. Correct Answer: Option A
A satire is directed at the entire society while a lampoon is directy simply against an individual party.
25. Correct Answer: Option A
Summary is also referred to a subject matter.
26. Correct Answer: Option C
Anaphora is the repitition of a word or phrase at the beginning of each successive lines of poetry.
27. Correct Answer: Option A
The use of ‘like’ to compare two things of different class, but of the same attribute.
28. Correct Answer: Option B
List of characters.
29. Correct Answer: Option B
Peripeteia is the reversal of fortune suffered by a tragic hero. It is believed that when a tragic character makes a mistake, such mistake must be punished. Therefore, the consequences of such becomes irredeemable.
30. Correct Answer: Option D
The reason is that there is the placement of two contradicting words placed side by side.
31. Correct Answer: Option C
Catharsis is the reaction of the audience to a literary work
32. Correct Answer: Option D
A subjective narrator is also involved in the story as the narrator of the story. Such a story is told in the first person narrative technique.
33. Correct Answer: Option D
The sun is given the attribute of having a “ray”
34. Correct Answer: Option A
Every line is a metaphor – an imaginative way of describing something by referring to something else which is the same in a particular way.
35. Correct Answer: Option C
The reason is that the same phrases are repeated at the beginning of each line.
36. Correct Answer: Option C
It is a love song especially structured towards a female.
37. Correct Answer: Option D
Rhyme scheme is the best answer. The semblance of sound and patternised movement or flow of the words in the excerpt above makes rhyme scheme the predominant literary figure there.
38. Correct Answer: Option A
Poetry is the oldest form of literature.
39. Correct Answer: Option C
Flash back. It brings events from the past to the moment.
40. Correct Answer: Option D
More or less mourning the ‘hunter’ and ‘the blacksmith’. Elegy is a poem written to mourn the dead.
41. Correct Answer: Option C
Flash back. It brings events from the past to the moment.
42. Correct Answer: Option B
As a literary device, an allegory is a metaphor in which a character, place or event is used to deliver a broader message about real world issues and occurrences.
Note: Allegory has occurred widely throughout history in all forms of art, largely because it can illustrate complex ideas and concepts in ways that are comprehensible or striking to its listeners, readers or viewers.
Writers or speakers typically use allegories as literary devices or rhetorical devices.
A good example of an allegory is “The lion, The witch and The wardrobe” by C.S. Lewis
43. Correct Answer: Option C
characters and the way they behave
44. Correct Answer: Option A
Device in which the speaker means the opposite of what he says
45. Correct Answer: Option A
The term “Aside” is used in drama and theater, and it happens when a character’s dialogue is spoken but not heard by other actors on the stage.
Asides are useful for giving information about the other characters onstage or the action of the plot.
The movie titled “Deadpool” is a perfect example of a movie full of ‘asides’
46. Correct Answer: Option C
A drama is the specific mode of fiction represented in performance. A play, opera, mime, ballet etc. performed in a theater(stage), radio or television (screen) considered as a genre of poetry in general.
47. Correct Answer: Option C
In poetry, metre (Commonwealth English) or meter (American English) is the basic rhythmic structure of a verse or lines in verse. Many traditional verse forms prescribe a specific verse metre, or a certain set of metres alternating in a particular order. The study and the actual use of metres and forms of versification are both known as prosody. (Within linguistics, “prosody” is used in a more general sense that includes not only poetic metre but also the rhythmic aspects of prose, whether formal or informal, that vary from language to language, and sometimes between poetic traditions. Meter is a stressed and unstressed syllabic pattern in a verse, or within the lines of a poem. Stressed syllables tend to be longer, and unstressed shorter. In simple language, meter is a poetic device that serves as a linguistic sound pattern for the verses, as it gives poetry a rhythmical and melodious sound. For instance, if you read a poem aloud, and it produces regular sound patterns, then this poem would be a metered or measured poem. English poetry employs five basic meters, including:
• Iambic meter (unstressed/stressed)
• Trochaic meter (stressed/unstressed)
• Spondaic meter, (stressed/stressed)
• Anapestic meter (unstressed/unstressed/ stressed)
• Dactylic meter (stressed/unstressed/unstressed)
Meter has two subdivisions: qualitative meter, and quantitative meter.
Qualitative meter contains stressed syllables with regular intervals, such as iambic pentameter containing even numbered syllables. Quantitative Meter Quantitative meter, however, is based on syllabic weight, and not stressed pattern,s such as dactylic hexameters of classical Greek and classical Latin. However, classical Arabic and Sanskrit also have used this meter. Poets like Virgil used quantitative meter in Aeneid, and Homer used it in Iliad.
Short Examples of Meter; People become what they believe.
(Trochaic meter)-Those who can dream it, they really can achieve it.
(Dactylic/Spondaic)-Don’t search faults. Find remedies.
(Iambic meter)-When you give and accept gratefully, you feel blessed.
(Anapestic meter)-The safest place on planet earth.
48. Correct Answer: Option A
Drama is the genre of literature that imitate actions
49. Correct Answer: Option B
Fable is a literary device that can be defined as a concise and brief story intended to provide a moral lesson at the end. In literature, it is described as a didactic lesson given through some sort of animal story. In prose and verse, a fable is described through plants, animals, forces, of nature, and inanimate objects by giving them human attributes wherein they demonstrate a moral lesson at the end.
Features of a Fable: fable is intended to provide a moral story. Fables often use animals as the main characters. They are presented with anthropomorphic characteristics, such as the ability to speak and to reason. Fables personify the animal characters.
50. Correct Answer: Option D
Oxymoron means placing side by side two contradictory.
JAMB Literature Novel for 2023
In this section, I will be revealing all the recommended JAMB Literature Novels for 2023 examination. These novels are meant to be read by candidates who will writing literature as one their subject combinations in the forthcoming Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME).
Old: JAMB Literature Drama Texts 2021
Harvest of Corruption by Frank Ogodo Ogbeche
Let me Die Alone by John K. Kargbo
The Lion and the Jewel by Wole Soyinka
Non African Drama:
Othello by William Shakespeare
Look Back in Anger by John Osborne
Fences by August Wilson
A Midsummer Night’s Dream by William Shakespeare
Literature Poetry for JAMB 2023
The Panic of Growing Older by Lenrie Peter
Vanity by Birago Diop
The Leader and the Led by Niyi Osundare
Ambush by Gbemisola Adeoti
The Song of the Woman of my Land by Oumar Farouk Sesay
Piano and Drums by Gabriel Okara
The Dining Table by Gbanabam Hallowell
Black Woman by Leopard Sedar Senghor
The Grieved Lands by Agostinho Neto
Government Driver on his Retirement by Onu Chibuike
The Anvil and the Hammer by Kofi Awoonor
Raider of the Treasure Trove by Lade Wosomu
Non African poetry:
The Proud King by William Morris
Crossing the Bar by Alfred Tennyson
The Pulley by George Herbert
Caged Bird by Maya Angelou
The School Boy by William Blake
Do not Go Gentle into the Good Night by Dylan Thomas
The Good-Morrow by John Donne
Binsey Poplars by G.M. Hopkins
The Journey of the Magi by T.S Eliot
Bat by David H. Lawrence
Literature Prose for JAMB 2023
Faceless by Amma Darko
Second Class Citizen by Buchi Emecheta
Unexpected Joy at Dawn by Alex Agyei-Agyiri
Native Son by Richard Wright
Wuthering Heights by Emily Bronté
Invisible Man by Ralph Ellison
JAMB Literature Anthologies 2023
The following are the Anthologies for JAMB Literature.
Naked Soles by Gbemisola, A. (2005)
The Penguin Book of English Verse by Hayward, J. (ed.) (1968)
New Poetry from Africa by Johnson, R. et al (1996)
Oxford Anthology of English Literature by Kermode, F. et al (1964)
West African Verse by Nwoga D. (ed.) (1967)
A Selection of African Poetry by Senanu, K. E. and Vincent (1993)
Poems of Black Africa by Soyinka, W. (1987)
JAMB Literature Critical Text/Textbooks 2023
A Glossary of Literary Terms by Abrams, M. H. (1981) (4th Edition)
A Dictionary of Literature by Emeaba, O. E. (1982)
Understanding Unseen/An Introduction to English Poetry & English Novel for Overseas Students by Murphy, M. J. (1972)
More Practice Questions and Answers For JAMB Literature 2023
Remember, constant practice makes better!
You should take more time to practice more these JAMB Literature questions and answers for your amazing scores in the 2023 UTME exercise.
1. In Literature generally, a stock character is a character
A. who plays the role of a stock
B. broker or merchant
C. whose actions, speech, style, and role are predicable
D. whose manner is as stiff as a dry stockfish
ANSWER: C (whose actions, speech, style, and role are predicable)
2. A light or amusing interlude inserted in the middle of a tragic play is called
A. a comic relief
B. an aggression
ANSWER: A (comic relief)
3. When one author produces a mocking invitation of another author’s work we call his product
A. a conceit
B. an aggression
C. a contrast
D. a parody
ANSWER: D (parody)
4. A type of poem which may be sung and which embodies a tale is called
A. sentimental poem
B. sonorous poetry
C. musical interlude
D. a ballad
ANSWER: D (a Ballard)
5. Poetry is distinguished from prose fiction in that it
A. uses puns and persona
B. injects emotion and sentiment
C. does not have a hero
D. uses rhyme and meter
E. uses stanza
ANSWER: D (uses rhyme and meter)
6. Go, lovely rose,
Tell her that wastes her time and me
When I resembled her for thee,
How sweet and fair she seems to be
In the above line lines, the rose is presented as having human characteristics or abilities. This is knowns as
ANSWER: C (personification)
7. When a story is told at one level but has its true meaning at another level it is called
A. a horror story
B. a confusing story
C. an epic
D. an allegorical story
ANSWER: D (allegorical story)
8. When an unrelated incident is inserted in a work of literature it is called
A. a dream sequence
B. a flashback
B. a digression
D. a masque
E. a prologue
ANSWER: C (digression)
9. The first eight lines of a sonnet are called?
A. a couplet
B. an octave
C. a quatrain
D. a sestet
E. a set
ANSWER: B (octave)
10. The last part of a literary work is known as
B. an epilogue
C. an epitaph
D. a prologue
ANSWER: B (epilogue)
11. The identical sound at the end of a poem is known as
12. The language of David Diop’s ‘Africa’ suggests
A. the beauty of the African countryside
B. that black is beautiful
C. that the poet is sad because Africa has been exploited and laid waste for too long
D. that the poet remembers the great empire of Africa
E. that the poet sees Africa as a colonial power
13. In ‘I Will Pronounce Your Name’Senghor writes: ‘Naett that is the dry tornado, the clap of lightening’.
The figure of speech used in the above line is
14. You cannot know
And should not bother;
Tide and market come and go
And so shall your mother.
In this verse the poet uses
A. alternate rhymes
E. blank verses
15. The Comstocks belonged to the most dismal of all classes, the middle-middle class, the landless gentry. In their miserable poverty, they had not even the snobbish consolation of regarding themselves as an ‘old’ family fallen on evil days…..This writer’s tone is
C. bitterly humorous
16. Which of the following is not a play?
A. Doctor Faustus
B. Romeo and Juliet
D. Dizzy Angels
E. The trail of Dedan Kimathi
17. But from this earth, this grave, this dust my God shall raise me up, ‘I trust’ The feeling of the poet is one of
18. But from this earth, this grave, this dust, my God shall raise me up, ‘I trust!. The underlined are examples of
19. The period of laughter or amusement in a tragic play is called
B. comic relief
20. The principal female character in a novel is called a/an
21. A Poem telling of spending deeds of a hero is
A. a ballad
B. a lampoon
C. an epic
D. a parody
E. a sonnet
22. The major features of a play are
A. acts and scenes
B. chapters and paragraphs
D. metres and rhythms
E. stanza and verse
23. One of the main aim of a did active literary work is to
A. laugh at the society
B. make people laugh
C. show man’s weakness
D. teach a moral lesson
24. A poem which portrays a simple rural life of the common people is called
A. a carol
B. a lyric
C. an epic
D. an ode
E. a pastoral
25. The expression ‘He is a living dead’ is an example of
26. The counsel for the accused addressed the bench. The underlined is an example of
A. a seat
27. A sonnet may be divided into an octave and a/an
A. a couplet
28. In drama, the clown
A. creates confusion
B. creates hatred
C. creates humour
D. generates horror
E. identifies with the hero
29. Pick out the odd item
30. A protagonist who has a disastrous end is a
A. comic character
B. flat character
C. round character
E tragic hero
31. Romantic poetry deals with
How to Score 100% In JAMB Literature
Getting up to 100 marks in the JAMB literature will definitely contribute to your scoring above 300 aggregate score in the JAMB examination. The few tips that I am going to reveal to you in this section will be helpful in achieving this success with ease.
1. Refer to JAMB Literature Syllabus while reading:
The JAMB Literature syllabus is one the most important tools for preparing for the examination that some students do not make constant reference to as they read their books. This is, to a great extent, the reason why they do perform poorly in the JAMB Literature examination.
The importance of the syllabus cannot be over emphasized. It is highly recommended that any JAMB candidates who really desire a reasonable score in Literature should endeavor to read every topic as they have been scheduled in the JAMB literature syllabus.
2. Read all the Expect Novels in Literature
It is peculiar to JAMB Literature examination that not less than 3 novels are usually given out that candidates should read before coming for the examination. From these novels that will be given, a minimum of 2 questions are going to come out from each of them, and this is to the advantage of those that read the novels.
As a candidate who is going to write literature in the forthcoming JAMB/UTME exercise, it is a ‘MUST’ that you are going to read all the recommended novels of the year to avoid getting a low score in the subject.
3. Work with Past Questions and Answers
JAMB literature past questions and answers are another tool that you should not overlook. They give a clearer picture of what the forthcoming examination is going to be like. Also, it important to prepare with the past questions and answers if you want to build your confidence examination tension.
Using past JAMB literature past questions and answers most times give candidates the benefit of seeing some questions that may be repeated and their correct answers. Ensure that you make use of past questions as you prepare for the 2023 JAMB examinations.
Other Important Guides
Other approaches to scoring 100% in JAMB Literature are as follow:
- Good researches on Literature terminologies
- Using many textbooks
- Creating a good reading path
- Ensuring proper time management
Those points given above are the expected paths to follow if you desire excellent in the forthcoming JAMB Literature examination.
I hope that you have enjoyed reading this article to this end. If you have any other questions about the JAMB Literature Questions and Answers, kindly make use of the comment section below.
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