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WAEC Civic Education Questions And Answers 2024 | Essay & Objective

This article is comprehensive compilation of the WAEC Civic Education Questions and Answers. It is made up of complete 60 objective questions and 7 theory question in which you are meant to answer only five of your choice.

If you are a candidate who will be sitting for the 2024 May/June WAEC Examination and you are going to write Civic Education, make sure that read and understand this article very well. This is an EXPO that may not be accessible to every candidate of this examination. I want to let you know that you one of the lucky one who have come across this article. Do well to make good use of it.

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After the release of the Newly Updated 2024 WAEC Timetable, they have been great excitement among students who wish to perform excellently in the forthcoming examination. Most of them have gone far looking for the likely WAEC Civic Education Questions and Answers online. That is the reason why the Emonprime Team has offered to assist the general public and candidates of this examination in this big way.

To get access to these sure questions and answers, kindly read this article to the end.

2024 WAEC Civic Education Objective Question and Answers

The 2024 WAEC Civic Education Objective Questions and their respective answers are as give below:

  1. A prerequisite for orderliness is
  • A. humility
  • B. morality
  • C. hardwork
  • D. politeness
  • Correct Answer: Option D

2. National symbols are also referred to a symbols of national

  • A. co-operation
  • B. identity
  • C. unity
  • D. development
  • Correct Answer: Option B

3 Law of libel and defamation of character violates right to freedom of

  • A. fair hearing
  • B. religion
  • C. expression
  • D. association
  • Correct Answer: Option C

4. Who among the following is not a foremost Nigerian nationalist?

  • A. Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa
  • B. Dr. Nnamdi Azikwe
  • C. General Yakubu Gowon
  • D. Chief Obafemi Awolowo
  • Correct Answer: Option C
  • All options except General Yakubu Gowon, who was Nigeria’s second military head of state, were Nigerian foremost nationalists.

5. The major reason for the enactment of traffic regulations is to

  • A. make sure people travel for business purpose.
  • B. arrest traffic offenders and violators.
  • C. ensure safety and allow easy flow of traffic
  • D. ensure the sustenance and longevity of the roads.
  • Correct Answer: Option C

6. The basic responsibility of parents is

  • A. providing necessities of life for the children.
  • B. buying expensive gifts for the children.
  • C. sending the children abroad for quality education.
  • D. visiting site of attraction with the children.
  • Correct Answer: Option A

7. The attitude that prevents peaceful resolution of inter-communal conflict is

  • A. conciliation
  • B. resentment
  • C. dialogue
  • D. mediation
  • Correct Answer: Option B

8. Use the passage below to answer the question.

It is a common practice for the youths of Upe village to meet every last Saturday of the month to build a proposed structure. Through this practice, they have successfully built a monumental market complex which attracts people from neighboring villages.

The zeal shown by the youths of Upe village is a manifestation of

  • A. community service
  • B. political participation
  • C. national development
  • D. town planning
  • Correct Answer: Option A

9. Use the passage below to answer the question.

It is a common practice for the youths of Upe village to meet every last Saturday of the month to build a proposed structure. Through this practice, they have successfully built a monumental market complex which attracts people from neighboring villages.

The youth who took part in the various building projects in Upe village are said to be

  • A. reliable
  • B. self-reliant
  • C. hardworking
  • D. selfless
  • Correct Answer: Option D

10. Which of the following sets of agencies are responsible for checking road worthiness of vehicles?

  • A. The Federal Road Safety Corps and Vehicle Inspection Office
  • B. The Police and National Security and Civil Defence Corps
  • C. Federal Road Safety Corps and the Nigerian Army
  • D. The Nigerian Army and Vehicle Inspection Office
  • Correct Answer: Option A

11. Which of the following may not be vested with a constitution authority?

  • A. family
  • B. mob
  • C. school
  • D. the state
  • Correct Answer: Option B


An individual who finds it difficult to do without in-take of prohibited substances is

  • A. a human trafficker
  • B. an armed robber
  • C. a drug addict
  • D. a kidnapper
  • Correct Answer: Option C

13. Which of the following is not a method of recruiting victims for human trafficking?

  • A. deceit
  • B. threat
  • C. application
  • D. abduction
  • Correct Answer: Option C

14. The law protecting certain individuals from being prosecuted is called

  • A. penal code.
  • B. constitutional protection.
  • C. immunity clause.
  • D. legal rights.
  • Correct Answer: Option C

Check: WAEC Literature Questions and Answers 2024 | Novels, Essay & Objective

waec civic education past questions

Use the image to answer the questions 15 to 18

We can conclude that the mother of the boy putting on a face cap in the cartoon in the image is a

  • A. religious mother
  • B. responsible parent
  • C. wealthy person
  • D. child activist
  • Correct Answer: Option B

16. The effect of the interaction as captured in the cartoon, in the Fig. in relation to Civic Education is

  • A. mass mobilization
  • B. pressure group
  • C. peer pressure
  • D. popular participation
  • Correct Answer: Option C

17. We can make inference from the response of the boy wearing short pants in the cartoon, in the image that he

  • A. needs the knowledge of Civic Education.
  • B. became industrious through empowerment.
  • C. gets financial support from his family.
  • D. lacks moral care of a responsible parent.
  • Correct Answer: Option D

18. Which of the following is not an advisable way through which the orientation of the boy wearing short pants in the cartoon, in the image can be corrected?

  • A. Subjecting him to harsh punitive measures.
  • B. Impacting an effective Civic Education in him.
  • C. He needs morally upright and responsible parenting.
  • D. An effective guidance and counselling section.
  • Correct Answer: Option C

19. Limitation to the right of life can be found in the case of

  • A. an imprisoned person
  • B. a kidnapped person
  • C. a condemned person
  • D. a trafficked person
  • Correct Answer: Option C

20. In which of the following do citizens have equal rights? Right to

  • A. freedom of movement
  • B. freedom from discrimination
  • C. free education
  • D. form or join any political party
  • Correct Answer: Option B

21. Interest and willingness to participate in the affairs of a nation are forms of

  • A. Popular Participation
  • B. National Consciousness
  • C. Political Apathy
  • D. Citizenship Education
  • Correct Answer: Option A


The societal norms that represents the overall attitude of the people in a society is called

  • A. group values.
  • B. general values.
  • C. religious values.
  • D. personal values.
  • Correct Answer: Option D

23. My stiffest earthly assignment is ended and major life’s work is done. My country is now free… – Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe
The speaker quoted above must have fought hard for national

  • A. prosperity
  • B. recognition
  • C. development
  • D. independence
  • Correct Answer: Option D

24. Irresponsible parenting has the tendency of

  • A. encouraging egoistic tendencies
  • B. preserving of culture
  • C. promoting of positive values
  • C. promoting peaceful co-existence
  • Correct Answer: Option C


Which of the following is a cause of political apathy in Nigeria?

  • A. Adequate citizenship education
  • B. A free and fair election
  • B. Biased electoral umpires
  • D. Adequate political awareness
  • Correct Answer: Option B

26. Representation of Nigerians in the senate is

  • A. Proportional
  • B. collegial
  • C. equal
  • D. unequal
  • Correct Answer: Option D

27. Identify the odd one from the list below in relation to citizenship obligations

  • A. Payment of tax
  • B. Right to personal liberty
  • C. Protection of public utilities
  • D. Obedience to the Law
  • Correct Answer: Option B

28. According to the 1999 constitution as amended, sovereignty belongs to the

  • A. president who is also the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces.
  • B. people from whom government derives its power and authority.
  • C. National Assembly which has power to make laws and amend the constitution.
  • D. judiciary which interprets the laws of the state
  • Correct Answer: Option B

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29. Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) states that all human beings

  • A. have freedom of movement
  • B. are born free and equal
  • C. should be free from torture
  • C. have the right to recognition
  • Correct Answer: Option B

30. Use the quotation below to answer the questions 30 and 31

”f you cannot beat them, join them”. The statement is an indication of a society that is——

  • A. ethically upright
  • B. morally degenerated
  • C. politically disintegrated
  • D. socially regenerated
  • Correct Answer: Option B

31. Through which of the following means can the effect of the above quotation on the society be rectified?

  • A. Compulsory communal service
  • B. Strengthening of the constitution
  • C. Reorientation of values
  • D. Distribution of relief materials during emergency
  • Correct Answer: Option C

32. Interpersonal relationship is promoted through the following ways except

  • A. confrontation
  • B. healthy competition
  • C. co-operation
  • D. communal living
  • Correct Answer: Option A

33. An activity meant to promote and protect the interest of a country is

  • A. unitarianism
  • B. communism
  • C. communalism
  • D. nationalism
  • Correct Answer: Option D

34. Democracy is important because it

  • A. accommodates popular participation.
  • B. accommodates political apathy.
  • C. encourages operational bureaucracy.
  • D. breeds ethnic competition and rivalry.
  • Correct Answer: Option A

35. Which of the following criminal act is most commonly perpetrated by cult members?

  • A. Prostitution
  • B. Money Laundering
  • C. Corruption
  • D. Violence
  • Correct Answer: Option D

Use the dialogue below to answer the questions 36 and 37

Tim: Jim, let’s go to the hospital and confirm our HIV status.
Jim: Really? Does my face resemble that of someone with HIV ? After all, I am too poor to engage in illicit sex, drug abuse nor keep numerous partners like you do.
Tim: It is more than what you think, Jim. You suffer other noticeable symptoms which makes me suspicious of your status.
Jim: Okay, just to satisfy your curiosity, let’s go.

36. From the above dialogue, noticeable symptoms Tim must have observed about Jim include the following except

  • A. profuse night sweats.
  • B. persistent diarrhoea.
  • C. increase in appetite
  • D. usual fatigue
  • Correct Answer: Option C

37. Individual like Jim in the story above who believe HIV carriers are selective, can get enlightenment through

  • A. effective fasting and prayer.
  • B. youth empowerment programme.
  • C. sex and civic education.
  • D. popular participation.
  • Correct Answer: Option C

38. Which of the following is not a function of the judicial arm of government?

  • A. Interpretation of the law
  • B. Judicial review
  • C. Checking of arbitrariness
  • D. Initiation of bills
  • Correct Answer: Option D

39. The officials of the administrative agency of the state that are most active in governance belongs to the

  • A. Legislative organ
  • B. Judicial organ
  • C. Executive organ
  • D. Civil societies
  • Correct Answer: Option C

40. One major reason some Nigerian youths join cult groups is

  • A. inadequate religious and moral instruction
  • B. poor welfare programme for students.
  • C. inadequate support from guardians and parents.
  • D. prevalence of corruption among political elites
  • Correct Answer: Option A

41. All the following are aims of youth empowerment scheme except

  • A. Reduction of youth delinquency
  • B. Promotion of self-reliance
  • C. Maximization of profit
  • D. Building of self-esteem
  • Correct Answer: Option C

42. A situation where only 35% of 80 million registered voters participated in a general election, is an indication of political

  • A. instability
  • B. exclusiveness
  • C. apathy
  • D. socialization
  • Correct Answer: Option C

43. The organizations working against dictatorship and mounting of campaigns for effective civil rule are called

  • A. professional bodies.
  • B. religious institutions
  • C. civil societies
  • D. political parties
  • Correct Answer: Option C
waec civic education past question

Use the diagram above to answer the questions 44 and 45

44. In the democratic government structure, the portion marked x in the diagram is occupied by

  • A. press
  • B. judiciary
  • C. civil societies
  • D. political parties
  • Correct Answer: Option B

45. The major function of the activity of the occupiers of the marked x in the diagram is to

  • A. interpret laws.
  • B. execute policies.
  • C. make bye laws
  • D. formulate policies
  • Correct Answer: Option A

46. Which of the following is not is not a problem of civil society?

  • A. Leadership struggle
  • B. Poor funding
  • C. Planning to capture political power
  • D. Embezzlement of funds
  • Correct Answer: Option C

47. One of the major complaint against the public service is

  • A. Inefficiency
  • B. Victimization
  • C. Discrimination
  • D. Election rigging
  • Correct Answer: Option A

48. From which of the following sources are constitutional provisions not derived?

  • A. Statutory sources
  • B. Customary sources
  • C. Judicial Precedence
  • D. Story book
  • Correct Answer: Option D

49. The head of the judicial arm of government in Nigeria is the

  • A. Chief justice
  • B. Supreme leader
  • C. Chief of staff
  • D. Chief Magistrate
  • Correct Answer: Option A

50. The composition of National Assembly of the Federal Republic of Nigeria could be termed

  • A. unicameral
  • B. collegial
  • C. bicameral
  • D. hierarchical
  • Correct Answer: Option C

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WAEC Civic Education Theory 2024

The following are the expected WAEC Civic Education Theory Questions for the 2024 examination.


(a) Define human rights.

(b) Suggest four conditions under which human rights can be violated in Nigeria.

(c) Explain three reasons for which it is necessary to entrench citizens’ rights in the Nigerian constitution.


(a). Identify five qualities an individual must possess to be qualified as a responsible parent.

(b). In what five ways do the roles of responsible parenting contribute to the upbringing of good citizens in the society?


(a). Identify five reasons for which it has become increasingly difficult to maintain low rate of accidents on Nigerian roads.

(b). Highlight five measures that can be adopted by the Nigerian government to reduce the rate of accidents on Nigerian roads.


(a). Outline five negative consequences of cultism on its members in the society.

(b). In what five ways can responsible parenting assist in reducing high rate of cultism in the society?


(a). Outline five reasons for which those who tested positive to HIV/AIDS are being discriminated against in the society.

(b).  In what five ways does the contraction of HIV/AIDS Impact on the socio-economic life of the victim?


(a). Highlight five major empowerment skills that youths require for self-reliance in Nigerian society?

(b). State five reasons for the establishment of the National Youth Service Corps (NYSC) in Nigeria.


(a). Define political party as a pillar of democracy.


Explain the following forms of civic society.

(a) Pro-democracy groups

(b). Labour groups

(c). Professional groups

(d). Religious groups

(e). Student groups

(f). Gender groups

(g). Human rights groups


Enumerate five reasons for which the public service in Nigeria has not been proficient.

2024 WAEC Civic Education Theory Answers

Select any Five answers


(a) Human rights are commonly understood as being those rights which are inherent in the mere fact of being human. Human rights are universal and inalienable; indivisible; interdependent and interrelated.

They are universal because everyone is born with and possesses the same rights, regardless of where they live, their gender or race, or their religious, cultural or ethnic background. Inalienable because people’s rights can never be taken away.

Indivisible and interdependent because all rights – political, civil, social, cultural and economic, are equal in importance and none can be fully enjoyed without the others. They apply to all equally, and all have the right to participate in decisions that affect their lives. They are upheld by the rule of law and strengthened through legitimate claims for duty-bearers to be accountable to international standards.

(b). – The police in enforcing law and order can ban public assembly and demonstrations which will deny a citizen his right to freedom of association and assembly.

– Rights to the freedom of expression and press are restricted by the law preventing individuals from saying or publishing statement that could damage the personality of others (laws of slander and libel).

– A citizen may be denied his rights to free movement if he is detained on medical ground in order not to spread contagious disease if such citizen is suffering from a contagious disease.

– Right to private property may be restricted by the right of the state to compulsorily acquire private property for public use.

(c) – Stability/Organization: Citizens’ rights are entrenched in the constitution in order to have a well-arranged documentation of the rights of citizens in a country and since the constitution is the body of regulation that guides the affairs of a country, it is the most appropriate to house human rights.

– Understanding specifics of human rights: Human rights are entrenched in the constitution so that everyone can access them and understand the conditions surrounding these rights as well as their limitations.

– Rule of Law: The rule of law is a liberty centred constitutional concept which stipulates that everything must be done in accordance with the law. It encapsulates such ideals as government according to the law, equality before the law and the independence, and autonomy of the judiciary among others. This helps to make human rights applicable and efficient.

(a). – The first quality of a responsible parent is marrying the right person yhat the children can emulate.

– The ability to provide the basic necessities for the family is another quality of a responsible parent.

– A responsible parent must be able to notice and solve whatever emotional imbalance arising in their children.

– A responsible parent must be able to plan the number of children to have and are capable of catering for.

– A responsible parent must be able to adopt peaceful strategies to always keep the family going.

(b). – Teaching morality: Good citizens need to be people who act according to moral principles. Rather than being selfish or trying to deceive each other, they ought to deal in a kind and upright way with each other. Part of a parent’s responsibility is ensuring that they bring up the next generation of citizens properly.

-Teaching social interactions: Being polite, making friends, and reaching out to others are all important things in society. Parents can teach children to be comfortable when socializing from an early age.

-Encouraging independent thought: In a democratic society, or indeed in any society, good citizenship involves expressing one’s opinions, and also respecting the opinions of others. This is seen not least in the voting process. Responsible parenthood, then, also involves teaching children to respect others’ opinions – and to develop their own opinions too. Tolerance of others is a true civic virtue.

-Appreciating the society: Children will not grow up to become responsible citizens unless they appreciate the society in which they live. Thus, part of responsible parenting may well include taking children out to enjoy public parks, theatre productions and so on in the city.

-Becoming responsible parents too: Our parenting style will often inspire our children when they become parents in their turn. So, being responsible parents is so important if we want our children to become responsible parents in their own right. In so doing, we become part of an established tradition of good parenting that helps to shape our society to get better and better.

(a). – Poor functional roads: Many accidental occurance while driving in Nigeria is as a result of bad roads. Many of our roads are inaccessible, too narrow, not developed, full of potholes.

-Bad vehicle/motor maintenance culture in Nigeria: Many people fail to engage in simple maintenance check and servicing of their vehicle such as the break, tires, steering etc.

-Poor driving behaviour: Many Nigerians usually throw caution into the wind when driving. They drive recklessly trying to overtake other’s vehicle like it’s a car racing competition, and also fail to adhere to simple traffic and driving rules and regulations.

-Lack of proper driving education: Many drivers didn’t attend driving school, so they are not well-informed about certain driving rules, skills and safety tips.

-Use of mobile devices and gadgets while driving: Even with several warnings from government agencies concerning transportation, people still engage in dangerous behaviours such as making calls when driving, reading and replying text messages, driving while watching videos from the car.

(b). – Sanitation of motor parks from alcohol sales and consumption
Shops where alcoholic beverages are sold are visibly present in most if not all Nigerian motor parks today without recourse to the very negative effects of drunk drinking by drivers who are the main consumers. The resultant effect is reckless driving on our Highways.

There needs to be proper enactment of legislations to address this issue and thorough enforcement of legislations already put in place forbidding the sales of alcoholic drinks or beverages in our motor parks.

– Routine maintenance and rehabilitation of road pavements.
Bad road pavement conditions in Nigeria are one of the principal causes of road accidents. These roads are poorly constructed and rarely managed or rehabilitated. When these roads are not maintained and rehabilitated, they tend to deteriorate.

Therefore a remote way of ensuring accident reduction/prevention is for the government, which is charged with the responsibility for good maintenance to draw up and implement to the later on regular basis, budgets that match the demands of the road network and its infrastructure.

– Total prohibiting the use of mobile phones while driving
While there is little concrete evidence yet on how to reduce mobile phone use while driving, the Nigerian government needs to be proactive. Actions that can be taken to address this ill tradition by Nigerians include enacting, adopting and fully enforcing legislative measures prohibiting the use of mobile phones while driving.

– Training and retraining/public enlightenment
The road traffic system itself is dynamic in nature. Hence training and retraining of drivers constitute a formidable means of effectively dealing with the issue of road traffic accident reduction. In Nigeria today, major road traffic accident scenes have been noticed to involve commercial transporters/vehicles. To this end, there is urgent need for public transport operators to ensure that their drivers are trained and retrained in collaboration with the Federal Road Safety Commission, FRSC.

– Diligence of duty by government established agencies
Government should ensure that all established agencies such as Federal Road Safety Commission, FRSC and Vehicle Inspection Offices, VIO must carry out their jobs effectively and thoroughly; checking the conditions of vehicles that ply on our road, without extorting money or collecting bribes from drivers.


(a). – Untimely Death
One of the pathetic effects of cultism is the loss of lives prematurely. The government through its law enforcement agencies on a constant effort, fights crime such as armed robbery, kidnapping, drug abuse, murder etc. carried out by the cult members. The outcome of such operations often results in exchange of fire, arrest, detention, imprisonment and death. Many young people who indulge in these heinous acts have lost their lives either in the course of a shootout confrontation or through inter-cult clashes.

– Loss of Moral Values
Cultism leads to loss of values in young people. This is because the belief system and ideologies of most of these cult groups are against the objective morality of life.

– Incomplete Education
Most cultists end up not completing their academic programme. Today, school authorities in a bid to curb the rate of cultism and its activities, have adopted strict penalties for it which include expulsion of students involved irrespective of the academic level they are.

– Drug and substance Addiction
Furthermore, drug addiction can be as a result of influence of cultism among our youths. Within the circle of fellow cult members, they are constantly exposed to drugs through the network of dealers on such substances who are regularly patronized by these cultists.

– Unrealizable Life Ambitions
Also cultism can lead to termination of ambitions and goals in youths. Most young people with bright future and potentials, end up not pursuing their career or goals because of the negative influence of cultism.

(b). – Parents should pay more attention to their children’s upbringing and educate
them properly on acceptable standards of behaviour.

– Parents should encourage their children to join religious groups and develop the fear of
God because the fear of God is the beginning of wisdom.

– Parents should show good examples to their children.

– Parents should keep an eye on the company that their children keep so that they can know when they start keeping bad company and keep them in check.

– Parents should join hands with other concerned individuals in the country to put measures in place to curb cultism.


(a). – Fear is a common cause of discrimination. This may be fear of catching the disease as it is infectious (or perceived to be so).

– Discrimination by association is also known as ‘symbolic stigma’. This may occur when a health condition is associated with a condition that is perceived to be undesirable. HIV/AIDS is an example of such as it is usually associated with illicit sex.

– Values and beliefs can play a powerful role in creating or sustaining stigma. Examples are beliefs regarding the cause of a condition. Religious values regarding sexual relationships and marriage may cause HIV/AIDS discrimination if they are perceived to be the result of marital infidelity.

– Lack of awareness and education on the nature of HIV/AIDS is another reason for the discrimination.

– In accurate and misleading representation even by some health workers is a cause of the discrimination of HIV/AIDS patients.

(b). – Loss of income and livelihood.

– It makes them dependent on others as they cannot be fully effective.

– Liable to become poor as they have to spend more even after losing their means of livelihood.

– The HID/AIDS patient becomes depressed while the family goes through emotional and psychological torture.

– The parents and relations who are shouldering the big financial responsibility of caring for the HID/AIDS patient may not be able to send other members of the family to school. In other words, the family is badly affected economically.


(a). – Life Coping Skills
These are natural skills which every organism including man, acquires from birth to adapt fittingly in his or its environment. They are survival Instincts or skills. They are natural things we do to survive, avert dander and assert our individuality, e.g., crude farming, running on an errand, hunting, learning to make shelter, fishing, obeying laws and authorities, avoiding conflicts, etc these skills graduate from simple crude form to a more complex, learned and modernized forms.

– Manipulative Skills
These skills are seen in skills acquisition centres as it involves economic activities that inculcate skills such as technical education. Computer, field events, mining, manufacturing, technological works, scientific experiments, construction, engineering, productive ventures, gadgets and machine manipulations (whether digital or analogue), building, wielding, carpentry, mechanics etc.

– Intellectual Skills
These skills are coordinates in character. It is the literary or theoretical frameworks that guide the practical aspects of the works, economic and scientific undertakings. In the primary sense, it is called brain work. Without the intellectual skills, no other skills can function as they are the master minds, motivators and co-coordinators. It is the engine of all activities generating the initiative and innovations in all their designs.

– Communicative Skills
Communication is a very important aspect of our life. Man evolved communications skills as a social being to enable him pass or send information from one person to the other or from place to place. Communicative skills assist the intellectual skills to be expressed adequately and specifically.

– Artistic Skills:
These are close to communicative skills and are more complex. Includes they art of good writing, fine and applied arts, music and drama. These skills make effective use of all the other four kinds of skills where necessary. Those who employ or have these skills are said to be adepts or experts, examples: Artists, Graphic designers, Musicians, Comedians, Actors, Actresses, etc. life coping skills agree with the artisan identity, the intellectual skills agree with the manager identity while the rest agree with the classical entrepreneur identity.

Skills can be generally divided into two, namely, craftsman and entrepreneurial skills which tally with the life coping skills, manipulative skills and opportunistic entrepreneurial skills which match with the intellectual, artistic and communicative skills.

(b). – To develop common ties among the Nigerian youths and promote national unity and integration.

– To raise the moral tone of the Nigerian youths by giving them the opportunity to learn about higher ideals of national achievement, social and cultural improvement.

– To develop in the Nigerian youths the attitudes of mind, acquired through shared experience and suitable training. which will make them more amenable to mobilisation in the national interest.

– The equitable distribution of members of the service corps and the effective utilization of their skills in area of national needs.

– To encourage corps members to eschew religious intolerance by accommodating religious differences.


(a). Political parties are a group of persons organized to acquire and exercise political power. Citizens vote for the party of their choice and, in this way, influence government policy. The presence of the political party is actually a healthy situation for the nation.

It gives people a choice to make a more evolved and effective decision. Political parties are essential institutions of democracy. By competing in elections parties offer citizens a choice in governance, and while in opposition they can hold governments accountable.


(a). These are groups that do everything withing their legal capacity to uphold the democratic principles of a state. They achieve their goals through protest most times and have a sole aim of keeping the will of the people.

(b). A labour union/group is an organization of employees that is created for the purpose of dealing with employers concerning employee-employer relations, including grievances, labor disputes, wages, rates of pay, hours of employment, and other conditions of work. A labor union negotiates on behalf of its members in a process known as collective bargaining. They are also usually active in the political process and in lobbying about issues of importance to their members.

(c). A professional association/group is an organization with members who work in or share an interest in a specific job field or industry. Members of professional associations will often meet regularly to discuss upcoming news in their field or will host events for other members to meet and network.

(d). A religious group is a set of individuals whose identity as such is distinctive in terms of common religious creed, beliefs and doctrines. They are gatherings of individuals who have common religious beliefs, habits, and practices and ideologies about the negotiated order of these gatherings.

(e). A​ ​student​ ​organization​ ​is defined as a group of undergraduate or graduate students who unite to promote or celebrate a common interest. The purpose of a student organization is to bring everyone together based on their interests and build relations. Student organization recognitions purpose is to create connections, expand skills, and explore different elements of university life while making lifelong friends.

(f). The Gender Group is a closed support/social group for people who self-identify as male or female, or may be identified by others, as transgender, genderqueer, bigender, crossdresser, or any other identity that may fall under the umbrella of trans.

(g). Human rights are rights inherent to all human beings, regardless of race, sex, nationality, ethnicity, language, religion, or any other status. A human rights group, or human rights organization, is a non-governmental organization which advocates for human rights through identification of their violation, collecting incident data, its analysis and publication, promotion of public awareness while conducting institutional advocacy, and lobbying to halt these violations.


– Bribery and Corruption: The quick, smooth operation of the civil service is often handicapped by bribery and corruption. Some public servants no longer do their official duty, rather they are looking forward to being bribed before doing their duties.

– Mode of employment: MOST (not all) employment into the public service is not mainly on merit. Employment is given to those that are highly connected or those that are ready to pay for the employment. Some of these people may not be qualified for the job and these will affect the level of productivity. Sometimes, the unqualified person is appointed or promoted to a position he cannot perform well, while the qualified person is passed over due to favoritism.

– Bottleneck in Administrative procedure: The Nigerian Public Service is govern by its constitution (Public Service Rules), employment, retirement and sacking of Civil Servants are done by or with the permission of the Federal Civil Service Commission (FCSC). This means that as an employee, your boss cannot sack you. He can only give you a query or make complains to the FCSC. This makes most workers to misbehave and engage in different misconduct.

– Duplication of offices and position: The public service is often criticized for wasting financial and manpower resources, and retaining unproductive workers with the creation of ministries, departments and positions with similar functions.

– Ineffective organization: The public service has been touted as being ineffectively organized, and improperly managed. For instance, records, documents, files and other sources of information are not well arranged nor properly coordinated. This may be due to frequent movement of workers or non-delineation of responsibilities.


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Tips On How To Pass WAEC Civic Education Examination

If you really want to Pass WAEC Civic Education Examination at one Sitting, I want to let you know that there are things that you must do to score very high in the examination. Those are what I have tag as “Tips on How To Pass WAEC Civil Education Examination”. They including the following:

  1. Read according to the WAEC Civic Education Syllabus
  2. Study past Questions Regularly
  3. Learn How to Manage time well
  4. Consult more than one Textbooks

I believe you have found useful information in this article. If you have any other questions about WAEC Civic Education Questions and Answers 2024, kindly make use of the comment box under this article.

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